Posted in Computer Technology, Hardware

How Smart Dust Could Be Used To Monitor Human Thought

A few years ago a team of researchers from Brown University made headlines after they successfully demonstrated how a paralyzed woman who had lost the use of her arms and legs could control a robotic arm using her brainwaves. In a video, Cathy Hutchinson imagines drinking a cup of coffee, and the robotic arm brings the cup to her lips.

The scene is amazing, but also a little disturbing. Hutchinson is connected to the robotic arm through a rod-like “pedestal” driven into her skull. At one end of the pedestal, a bundle of gold wires is attached to a tiny array of microelectrodes that is implanted in the primary motor cortex of Hutchison’s brain. This sensor, which is about the size of a baby aspirin, records her neural activity. At the other end of the pedestal is an external cable that transmits neural data to a nearby computer, which translates the signals into code that guides the robotic arm.

This method, known as BrainGate, pretty much defined state-of-the-art brain-computer interfaces at the end of the last decade. If the idea of a rod-through-the-head computer interface makes you cringe, you are not alone.

For some time, a small team of researchers at UC Berkeley has been working on plans for a less invasive, wireless monitoring system. Earlier this month, they released a draft paper: “Neural Dust: An Ultrasonic, Low Power Solution for Chronic Brain-Machine Interfaces.”

Dongjin Seo, a graduate student in UC Berkeley’s electrical engineering and computer science department, authored the paper under the supervision of senior faculty members, including Michel Maharbiz who has famously created cyborg beetles for the US Defense Department.

Seo said the researchers’ goal is to build an implantable system that is ultra-miniature, extremely compliant, and scalable to be viable for a lifetime, for brain-machine interfaces. “With neural dust, due to its extreme scalability, this framework can be applied for Obama’s BRAIN initiative, which necessitates large-scale, parallel, and real-time monitoring of neurons,” Seo explained.

The Berkeley researchers propose to sprinkle the brain with tiny, dust-sized, wireless sensors. This would reduce the risk of infection from wiring up scores of sensors placed throughout the brain and limit the trauma to one initial operation. During that operation, the skull would be opened, and sensors would be inserted into the brain. At the same time a separate transceiver would be placed directly under the skull but above the brain. The transceiver would communicate with the sensors via ultrasound.

Another battery-powered transceiver outside the skull would receive data transmissions from the chip inside the skull and supply wireless power to it.  As the paper notes, this type of power transfer is already used in a variety of medical applications, including cochlear implants. Seo said the amount of power being proposed is within FDA and IEEE guidelines.

The idea of neural dust immediately sparked the imagination of futurists after the paper was published on arXiv.org on July 8. “The brilliance of this system is that it could potentially allow scientists to see what’s going on with thousands, tens of thousands, or even hundreds of thousands of neurons inside the brain at once,” wrote Ramez Naam, a senior associate at the Foresight Institute and author of “More Than Human: Embracing the promise of biological enhancement.”

But would neural dust have practical use for the growing industry of mind-controlled computer games and brain training apps? Jon Cowan, founder ofNeuroTek, is dubious. NeuroTek’s Peak Achievement Training has been used at the U.S. Olympic Training Center in Colorado Springs, as well as at other Olympic centers from China to Norway.

“[Neural dust] doesn’t have much practical promise because of the surgery it would require,” Cowan said. “I don’t think they’ll find too many people that would volunteer for it.” Cowan noted existing ways for measuring brainwaves that rely on external sensors may be crude, but they’re effective enough for today’s applications.

“We really believe this is a practical system and, more importantly, we think this is potentially a powerful framework for achieving what Obama has announced,” Seo said. Still, he pointed out that the paper is a draft. “It’s a concept paper,” he said. “It’s a theoretical study of what we think is possible in the realm of neural recording.”

By publishing the paper on arXiv.org, an online collection of preprints of scientific work, the team is hoping to spur involvement and feedback from scientists in different fields. Lots of challenges remain to be overcome before neural dust will be ready for live testing.

Posted in Art

Creative And Easy Art Activities For Infants And Toddlers

Parents and Teachers are always looking for a fun, easy, and inexpensive art projects for their young children. There are many books available at the library and Parenting or Educator Message Boards available online where you can find some creative and easy art activities for infants toddlers. In general, infants really have no idea of what they are doing. Although, it is fun to use their little hands, fingers and toes to create special projects to give as gifts to Grandparents, Aunts and Uncles, and even to mom herself! Older babies do have fun getting their fingers messy and exploring in different types of arts and crafts activities. Most toddlers love art activities and will run to the table at any mention of the words arts and crafts.

Art activities for infants toddlers can range from the simplest to the most complex. Paints, play dough, stickers, making cards, Christmas Ornaments, fun snack foods, and die cuts are fun ways to explore the world of art with babies and toddlers. Paint and play dough is pretty self explanatory and can be used with age appropriate children. The biggest factor is to watch out for the ones who will eat it. There is a recipe for edible Peanut Butter play dough that is fun to make with this age group though. Another idea is to make your own bubble mixture at home and then to go outside and blow bubbles. Young children love bubbles!

You can use food to make themed snacks. For example, if you are reading the book “Going On A Bear Hunt,” you can use a bear shaped cookie cutter to make bear sandwiches. Little children can help press the cookie cutter onto the bread, meat and cheese to make the sandwiches. On the side you can serve Teddy Graham cookies as well. Making homemade Popsicles is pretty simple to do and many different yummy recipes can be found online to make them. The art activities for infants toddlers are endless when using food. It just takes a little bit of imagination!

Great art activities for infants toddlers can be lots of fun and even free. For instance, if you or a neighbor get a new appliance the box can be used for an art project. Cut holes for the windows and door, then give the kids paint, markers, or crayons and let them go crazy decorating their new house. This is a great craft project, especially if you have just read the children’s book “Not A Box” by Antionette Portis. Kids just love to explore their surroundings and use their fingers to create something that they find beautiful. As parents and educators, it is our job to give them the materials that they need to explore the world of art.

Posted in Handiwork

Gourmet Cooking for Pleasure

Gourmet cooking is a style of food preparation that deals with the finest and freshest possible ingredients. This means that to enjoy authentic gourmet food you must prepare your food immediately after purchasing the fresh ingredients that will comprise your meals. Not only do you want to purchase the freshest ingredients when cooking gourmet meals but you also want to insure that you are purchasing ingredients of superior quality.

 

Those who excel at gourmet cooking and food preparation have many options available to them. From catering to opening up their own restaurant these talented individuals who are entrepreneurial in spirit often do quite well in the world of business if their talent is sufficient.

 

When it comes to cooking gourmet food the two rules mentioned above are the only hard and fast rules. Everything else is purely a matter of adventure and taste. Now this doesn’t mean that any and everyone can become a gourmet cook simply by going out and purchasing the finest and freshest of ingredients and throwing them into a pot. There is some degree of art involved when it comes to gourmet cooking and a large degree of skill that is necessary in order to achieve these culinary masterpieces.

 

You should also understand and be prepared to discover that fresh ingredients are not always available so there are times when compromises must be made when cooking gourmet meals. For this reason you capitalize on what is in season and plan your meals accordingly whenever possible. One important quality when it comes to cooking gourmet food is the layering of flavors. You should be able to taste the meat or seafood as well as the vegetables, herbs, and spices that comprise your skillfully prepared meal.

 

You should not however rely on taste or aroma alone when cooking gourmet foods. As I mentioned above gourmet cooking is a large degree skill but there is some degree of art involved. For this reason, presentation is a key component of the gourmet dining experience. Through a few freshly chopped herbs on the plate before placing the food or top the food with appealing and aromatic herbs that will compliment the flavor of the meal you have prepared. Present the fruits and vegetable sides in a visually appealing fashion rather than simply tossing them onto a plate.

 

With proper presentation even foods that were simple to prepare can take on the flavor of a gourmet feast. This is something you should keep in mind whether your cooking plans for the evening involve the gourmet or the every day. The thing about gourmet cooking is that it is to some degree more art than science. This means that there is always room to improve your skills and stretch your limits as a cook. There will always be the next great challenge or the ‘what if’ when it comes to flavor combinations.

 

In fact, some of the greatest foods began with someone asking, “What would happen if I added this?” Always ask what if and always seek to improve your skills. The good news if this is an avenue you wish to pursue is that there are often gourmet cooking classes offered at gourmet food shops in your area. Some colleges or local community programs will also offer these sorts of classes for a few if you are interested. This means that there are almost always opportunities to broaden your experiences with gourmet cooking and expand your horizons.

 

Whether this is your first time considering gourmet cooking or you are an old pro, keep in mind that skills can be learned over time with the proper motivation and an open and honest desire to learn. If you want to learn more about gourmet cooking there is really nothing to stop you from doing so other than yourself. The Internet, your local library, and many bookstores across the country have countless volumes of information that can help you get started on your journey to gourmet cooking bliss.

Posted in Technology and Science

Japan To Develop An Alternative To Copper Iridium Production Of Oled Technology

According to the American physicist organizational network recently reported that Japanese researchers have developed a new technology can replace the copper OLED (organic light-emitting diodes) used in the production of precious metals, which further reduced its cost.

OLED is an increasingly widely used as a display and lighting technology, especially its application in the display is to get a lot of consumers. With traditional LCD (liquid crystal display), , compared, OLED displays with high contrast, thin, wide viewing angle, low energy consumption, fast response, characterized by brilliant colors, green is considered the next-generation display technology.

On the LCD, each pixel is actually a small filter, and the light is behind these pixels, a large backlight. But OLED is different, each pixel is a small light source and, therefore, no backlight. This means that you need to display black, the pixel region can be completely extinguished without consuming electricity. Therefore, compared with LCD, OLED display better, more energy saving. But OLED is used as needed in the production of such reserves Iridium less precious metals, in part for the promotion of OLED technology created obstacles.

Recently, Japan RIKEN (RIKEN) Innovation Center scientists Osawa Masahisa and Canon Inc. of Japan, researchers have developed a new method that can replace these metals with copper.

Daze is a long time that has long been known copper complexes is a potential alternative alternative, less expensive copper complexes, iridium complexes of the cost is 1 / 2000, if the application can be bound to reduce the production of OLED costs. However, prior to the study of the new copper complexes of the external quantum efficiency (EQE) are relatively low. Although this complex can easily be activated to the high-energy state, but will be distorted, , the dissipation of energy in the form of light emission than the energy even more, so far, and luminous efficiency of iridium complexes.

To solve this problem, the researchers changed the molecular environment in which the copper, the copper ions wrapped in several organic ligands being. Experiments confirmed that their approach has been launched on the green of the OLED was a success, , this modified copper complexes outside the electronic efficiency of iridium complexes with very little.

Next, the team will be deployed in the copper complexes in which the work equipment, and verify the display outside the green light in effect. Source: www.mhcmp.com

Posted in Art

Evolution And The Celtic Tapestry Art

There is a video on Google Video’s called Charles Darwin and the Tree of Life. It is a documentary about life on earth the heavens and the underworld. David Attenborough presents this production by the BBC. It’s a special to note the bicenterary of Darwin’s life. As you listen and watch this video you can think of the Tree of Life and what it means.

This documentary video shows fabulous clips of animals, art and talks about the Tree of Life and Darwin’s theory and how they all tie together. Tree of Life Tapestry Art stems from all theories including Darwins..

Darwin talks about how man is human and an animal and not having dominion over animals as our Bible suggests. He suggests man has to bare the same force that nature forces on all animals of the earth. Many artists have painted the Celtic Tree of LIfe Tapestry with their interpretation and style in their composition. Those paintings were in turn woven into tapestries to offer another art form for man and woman to enjoy.

There is much talk of sacred trees and magical healing properties in the Tree of Life. It depends on the culture you embrace and the meanings and beliefs chosen that drives us to which artwork that seems to represent our belief. It’s almost like a comfort level of where we stand on our views and the art we choose to represent ‘our’ Tree of Life.

The Celtic Tree of Life is a very different look with it’s Celtic knots and colors representing a link to the ‘Realm of the Fairies and to the Gods’. The Oak was the number one sacred tree and representative of the center of the world. Druids rituals surrounded the Oaks and uncommon powers were offered to them from the Gods.

Messages were thought to be carried back and forth from the otherworld or fairy world to earth and man via the trees or Oaks. Ribbons were tied to trees to show a blessing of love, healing and prosperity. To tie a ribbon around an old oak tree is commonly seen today to represent the loss of a love one. This tradition was created long, long ago and will continue on as time goes on.

The Celtic Tapestry and Tree of Life Tapestry Art is interesting and many times very beautiful way to show a belief in a decorative way in our homes. Since there are the traditional styles from William Morris, Art Deco by Klimt, Modern styles by Natasha Wescoat and more we have a beautiful and enjoyable collection to enjoy.

Posted in Programming and Web design

Software Programming As well as Computer Chess

The beginning of generation codes used to program computers, was called machine language or machine code, it is the only language a computer really understands. It is a sequence of 0s and 1s that the computer’s controllers electrically interpret as instructions. The second generation of codes was called assembly language. assembly language turns the foreign language of 0s and 1s into human words like ‘add’. Assembly language is always translated back into machine code by computer programs called assemblers.

The third generation of code, was called high level language or HLL, which has human sounding words as well as words put into sentences. In order for the computer to understand any HLL, a compiler interprets the high level language into either assembly language or machine code. All software programming languages need to be eventually translated into machine code for a computer to use the instructions they contain.

As the user you do not see the code used to create computer software programs. However, you do use the results and the end products of software programming which are soft programs that are easy to use by the consumer. Below is an article discussing the history of software programming of Computer Chess and the lives of the software programmer behind one of your favorite software programs.

Dr. Dietrich Prinz wrote the original computer chess program for a universal functioning computer. The program was released in November 1951. Previously, special purpose machines which were designed only for playing chess had been invented, but Prinz decided to invent a program that could be played on any general computer. Since computers of the 1950’s had very little memory power compared to today’s computers, his program could only examine every possible move until a solution was found which took an average of fifteen minutes (a move that can be accomplished by a modern computer in a fraction of a second!) However, for its time this was considered a miracle.

Dr. Dietrich G. Prinz was born on 29 March, 1903. He was educated at Berlin University, where his teachers included genius’s Planck and Einstein and graduated with a Ph.D. in Philosophy. He left for England in 1935 where he began working at Ferranti Ltd., a major computer business. He soon became the companies head programmer and in 1957, after his original chess program, a full-fledged chess program introduced by Bernstein for an IMB. In 1983, a chess program called Belle was designed by AT&T and became the first to reach the U.S.A. Since, Chess programs have become widely popular to a large group of people, including mater chess players as well as novices.

Read about and at the website.

Posted in Bathroom

Motion Detection atmosphere bathroom Spy Camera Hidden Mini Camera 32GB

atmosphere spy camera, it looks like an ordinary Men atmosphere, placed in the bathroom, or to carry into the pocket. However, no one will know that it has a powerful feature, hidden inside a miniature spy camera. Because it is a Men atmosphere is the only man, this woman is not interested in this product, no woman will pay attention to this camera. Therefore, it has become a private detective camera bathroom spy camera, can provide you with an ordinary camera, and can not provide a powerful video evidence. With it, you no longer have to worry about the thief to break into your home, whether it is your nanny to take care of your child dedication. In order to ensure the safety of your family and your home and property.

Highlights:

1. So many hidden cameras, this Men atmosphere spy camera miniature. You can place it wherever you can, bedroom, bathroom, office. Go on a trip, travel can carry. You can record your favorite videos.

2. Men atmosphere plastic bottles, it is the position of the camera lens is secret, you can use it to take a lot of wonderful video. Due to the high-definition cameras, this Men atmosphere bathroom spy camera video quality is good. Itself has a 32GB memory card and a high-capacity battery, the camera can work continuously for about 15-18 hours. You can get very long and exciting video so easy. If you do not know what will happen when you leave your house, wait until you come back, the Men atmosphere camera can tell you everything.

3. The camera has a motion detection function.

Remarks:

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Company website : Email: MSN: SKYPE:onlinespycam YAHOO: Corporate name : Sellbathroomspycamera LIMITED Company address: Baoan District, East China, Central Road on the 8th Telephone:86-0755-89328654 Facsimile:86-0755-89328654

Posted in Musical Concert

Get A Concert Insurance and Turn the Evening into a Memorable Experience!

Organizing and managing a large scale event like a concert is really a herculean task! It involves lot of hard work and days of meticulous planning to make it a fun and successful experience.

In fact, one puts goodwill and large sums of money at stake; so when failure of the concert, due to any unavoidable and unforeseen circumstances may land you up in various complicated financial and legal troubles.

And therefore, to ensure that the your efforts does not go futile and concert does not turn into a tragedy; one should always consider buying concert insurance plan to mitigate the risks factor involved in its planning and execution.

One of the biggest and often dreaded threats that may eventually ruin the entire concert is unexpected weather change. Natural forces are beyond our control and so, at times, sudden down pour or snowfall or a hurricane or a blizzard Anything can strike and destroy all that you have put into your hard work and most importantly your money.

In such situation usually, you need to cancel the entire show or postpone And one thing leads to another, where you have to refund the ticket amounts, pay bills of the stage decorators, caterers, and even the performing artists.

In short, your balance sheet will show only losses and no profit at all! However, the situation becomes somewhat less painful and more bearable when you have a special coverage plan for concerts. It helps you in paying off all the unwanted and sudden expenses.

In a way, it shoulders you liabilities by providing timely and quick monetary help; thus, you can easily refund the ticket amounts, or just arrange enough funds to pay the bills of the caterers and decorators. In other words, your personal reserves will not be emptied; you will save enough to at least stand up and recover from the loss.

Moreover, there is always this risk of stages falling apart, or heavy lights falling on the performers or worst case scenario on the audience. God forbidden, if anything of such intensity happens then it may result into a tangled situation and legal troubles. You have get notices to pay hefty compensation to the injured or the medical bills which may mount to thousands of dollars.

In short, the whole situation lands you up in terrible financial crisis But, the situation no longer arises with concert insurance. It shares the financial responsibility by paying the amount that goes in paying the compensation or fighting the case in the court or the settle the medical bills.

Posted in Parents and Kids

Karnataka NGO Provides Mid Day Meals For School Children

The Akshaya Patra Foundation was started in June 2000 in Bangalore. This Foundation implements the mid day meal programme with the mission of feeding 5 million children by 2020. It drives all its work towards its vision of -No child in India shall be deprived of education because of hunger-. Though it’s primary cause is to provide mid day meal to Government schools, it emphasises equally on education of the children also. The reason being this it is looking forward to expand its reach to more and more parts of the country.

Currently, Akshaya Patra is feeding children in 19 locations of 9 States of India. Every day it feeds 1.3 million children in more than 9000 Government schools. This feeding programme has had many positive impacts like increase in school enrolment, improved attendance, improved concentration and performance of children, and decreased school drop-out rate. The mid day meal programme also acts as an incentive for the parents to send their children to school thereby the children of the needy section of the society get an opportunity to get education instead of earning for a square meal. Karnataka NGO works at the grass root level to maximise its reach. It believes in providing -unlimited food for education-.

The below story is an evidence of the same. The recent Public Examination results explained how food is a vital part of education. With an aim to pursue her career as a doctor, Smruthi D, a student of Anandashrama High School Kotekar, Mangalore took the first step towards her dream by scoring a brilliant 92%. Smruthi’s sincerity towards her dream is evident when she says, -My neighbour is pursuing medicine, I will take guidance from her and work hard to reach my goal.- Smruthi’s mother is elated with her daughter’s scorecard and says, -Smruthi will make my dreams come true even though I could not continue my education as I got married at an early age.- Apart from academics, Smruthi is also a sports enthusiast and loves to play kho-kho and throw ball. Her interest also lies in dancing and even though she has not received any formal training she has participated in many dance programmes.

An Akshaya Patra beneficiary, Smruthi loves the mid day meal served at her school and says, -I eagerly wait for the lunch time. I like the curd-based menu the best.- She comes from a humble family with her father who works as a driver and mother rolls beedi to supplement the family income. With a smile her mother says, -Just like how my earnings help my family, the mid day meal provided by Akshaya Patra helps our children.- Support many such children. They have the urge to learn and achieve, they just a little support from you.

Donate online to feed the children!!!!!!!!

Posted in Health and Medical

Medical Tools of the 21st Century – Cardiac Monitors & More

Doctors have it easier than ever before. Once upon a time, doctors would have to cut into patients to learn what was going on inside the body. This involved high risk procedures that left patients with scars, infections, and even death. The 21st century has more technology than ever before – and this has allowed doctors to be more thorough with patients and make it safer for patients to get a diagnosis. Cardiac monitors and other tools have made a huge difference. Cardiac Monitors Many of the cardiac monitors of today are entirely wireless. This allows patients to be at home and still be hooked up to a cardiac monitor. Without having to stay overnight in a hospital, it is more affordable. Plus, doctors are able to learn about what is going on simply by downloading the results to a computer or handheld device. Often, results can go to a doctor and even send an alert when something is wrong. The cardiac monitors ensure that patients are able to get round the clock care, even without being in a hospital room. X-Ray Machines X-ray machines show doctors what is going on with a patient in a non-invasive way. Doctors will be able to use an x-ray to see bone structure and other issues in order to make a diagnosis. Doctors across all areas of medicine are using them. Additionally, these machines are becoming more portable. Doctors without Borders are even using them in the field to be able to treat more patients without bringing patients to a hospital. With the modern technology, medicine can go to the patient instead of the other way around. Ultrasound Machines Ultrasound machines have been around since the 1970s, though the technology has changed dramatically. What was once a black and white image that could be barely made out are now in color and even in 4D, allowing for movements to be seen in real time – ideal for obstetrics when monitoring fetal movement. Doctors are able to use these images to see inside the body. The sound waves help to create an image because of the echo picked up by the transducer. This allows doctors to see internal organs and other structures of the body without any kind of surgery. With such technology, a diagnosis is made more effectively because of learning more about the condition of the patient prior to scheduling any surgery. The , x-ray machines, and ultrasound machines are just some of the that the doctors of the 21st century have access to. As technology improves, doctors are able to get away from written flip charts and switch to tablets, allowing them to access more records and go paperless. Prescriptions can be sent electronically and medical charts can be shared between departments with the touch of a button. All of this new technology allows doctors to have more control over their patients and provides patients with a higher level of healthcare.